Group Video-Rewnewable Energery: China and Costa Rica

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My writing this semester

My writing this semester

 

My writing this semester has grown experientially. I’ve gone to almost all Levis office hours and and asked the professors multiple times to look over my essays so I could get effective feedback. I feel like I learned so much from this course and it really enhanced my writing capability. Something I really needed to learn was my transitions in my essays. Here are some of the examples.

 

  1. What do you think makes people sympathetic to discrimination claims? What makes them more likely to dismiss them?

I think guilt or empathy makes people sympathetic to discrimination claims. I think most people know racism is wrong, especially in the workplace. Reasonable accommodation (Witch is facilities are made accessible) are a good example of what is never okay. (Paletz) Some people might use a reasonable accommodation to dismiss it but I feel like if you were raised correctly and have any empathy or guilt you know better than to dismiss a racial claim. According to Paletz Vermont ruled that you may not discriminate against the same sex couples and allowed the legislature to create a Civil Union. It’s wrong to discriminate and make someone feel like they don’t belong. Manners and human kindness is everything in my opinion. OBGERFELLV.HODGES talks about same sex marriage, which is the fourteenth amendment that requires a state to license marriage two people together. (Scouts) Scouts also says this was lawfully licensed and reconciliation to be performed out of state, this all ties together because it is a sympatric discrimination claim. People come out to being gay all the time because they find someone they love and marry them. (Scouts) Many people agree with this holding amendment and many do not as well. (Scouts) Therefore, regarding belief many people could dismiss this holding amendment. It’s wrong to discriminate against people who are different and I think at the end of the day we should make a reasonable accommodation. (Scouts)

  1. How are people of the same race, gender, sexual orientation, or disability as you portrayed in the media? Do you think they are portrayed realistically?

I think that they media portrays some sexual harassment with specifically African American women and their body’s. I feel like for the most part its portrayed realistically in this aspect but in a negative way on how a guy would walk up to a female and sexually harass her and then post it on social media.9Paletz) The constitution mandates Equal Rights Amendments which is equal treatment of men and women under law. (Paletz) And I think this amendment should be viewed favorable.

  1. Do you support any civil rights groups? How do these groups use the media to bring attention to their cause?

I do support civic rights groups with race and like to listen what people must say about it. I feel like I look up to plan parent’s civil rights movement mentioned previously because they are proud to serve their patients. (Planned Parenthood) They know they are health care providers and it’s their job to help people who are in need. They put aside race, faith, gender and sexual idents. (Plan parenthood). Plan parenthood talks about how they stand on a fundamental belief that healthcare is a civic right and a human right. Everyone needs health care and it doesn’t matter how old you are or your race. Health care is not something that will go away, it updates daily. New research and discoveries are made every single day, this connects to all audiences. (Planned parenthood) Media is brought to this because without health care we would have disease and death so it applies to everyone. When a discovery is made its important to notify people and let them know what is going on.

In conclusion, our bill of rights and amendments to the constitution impacts us every day in every aspect we do without even realizing it. From civil rights to human rights we must remember what Martin Luther king junior says about equality socially and politically. We are so lucky to be able to voice our opinions and have protection in this country. Equal rights and holding Amendment fourteen is important to remember when we think about hate crimes and even sexual harassment. I also learned it’s important to make reasonable accommodations especially in our civic rights. Media also has an impact on what is said and who is saying. Martin Luther King and famous people like Leonardo DiCaprio will always have the media share what they must say and believe in.

 

 

Citizen Reflection

Citizen Reflection on Climate Change

 

When I first joined the climate group I didn’t know the extent or how serious the problem was. I knew I was passionate about the earth and global warming and how I wanted to be a part of the group.  The story of my learning is to be open minded and willing. If you are passionate about what you are doing I feel like you will get way more out of it. On the first day of class I was nervous with all the people in the room and high tech pods but as I got into my groups and made the friends I did it became fun and easy to learn. I went to the town hall meeting and my communication with the people asking the questions, I felt as though I played my part as a citizen. It made me not only aware of other issues going on but knowledgeable on them too. I learned that Our coral reefs are endangering and Ice has been lost from West Antarctica and Greenland! Ice and glaciers from the arctic are melting and gushing into the sea from the excess water through ice streams. (Climate Change) I agree that we have excess water though ice steams, what happens is the fossil fuels that are burning up and humans that are naturally releasing huge amounts of gases which trap heat into the atmosphere, causing these ice caps to melt. “All this extra heat cause the oceans to maintain 80 percent heat difference.” (Climate Change) What this means is 80 percent of the sun’s heat is absorbed by the ocean and changes the ocean temperature. I agree with this because this creates the earth’s surface to heat up and ocean levels rise. Scientist believe that if these “gaze levels don’t decrease or cool down; the sea will continue to rise and horrible coastal disasters will begin to happen. “Naturally, erosion occurs but we could risk losing all types of plants, birds and even fish. I agree because sea life is being affected as well “Water will flood and agriculture soil contamination regarding an aquifer will occur.” Scientific America produces all the carbon dioxide that is heating up our planet So, now that I had a little more background on Carbon Dioxide, I wanted to dig a little deeper on what it will do to the climate over time. On my global climate change website, I learned that the “sea level has risen nearly 7 inches over the past one hundred years and by 2009 the water level could range anywhere from seven to twenty-seven inches!” (Global Climate change) This means flooding will occur on ocean side property, some might be submerged by water and worse of all in my opinion ecosystems on the coast could be harmed. Places like “mangrove forest and coral reefs and endanger.” So, In the article on the “Top ten countries affected by climate change” I also learned number two is most affected is in Africa, Guinea Bissau which is located on the west coast of Africa from the ground-breaking underneath. This climate is also tropical, swampy but the inland is more of a desert. The rainy season is said to be hot rain, windy, unpredictable and irregular. The coast is constantly dealing with rising tides, thermal ocean expansion and flooding. This too causes loss of food, security, stocks, reefs, soil and agriculture fields. This does affect 2/3rds of the population and the country is already dependent on foreign aid to make matter worse. (Top Ten)

 

 

 

Doctor Amy Lee “Top ways to stop global warming.” SFGATE Newspaper

http://homeguides.sfgate.com/top-ways-stop-global-warming-78809.html

Horgan, John. Oct. 21st, 2015. “Climate Change: Facts Versus Opinions.” (Scholarly Article)

“Rising Sea Level.” 8/30/2016. Global Climate Change. (Creditable So urge)

https://www3.epa.gov/climatechange/kids/impacts/signs/sea-level.html

Policy Paper Expert

Global Policy Research Energy Independence In USA

Michaela Bayless

Spring 2017

Background

During Donald Trump’s first 100 days in office he held an interview regarding his “Open Mind to Climate Change.” Although as a nation this is the most pressing issues facing the country today, there was not much discussed about energy independence as a nation. (Huffington Post) Today harsh chemicals and toxic waste is effecting our environment and the way we live. Briefly, I will discuss multiple measures that could be taken to help the ozone layer. According to the Ozone Hole The deepest ozone losses over both the Arctic and the Antarctic result from special conditions that occur in the winter and early spring. As winter arrives, a vortex of winds develops around the pole and isolates the polar stratosphere. I will talk about this result of Animals are losing homes, an example of this is the coral reefs in the ocean and polar bears. Our ozone layer is diminishing and not helping the problem of climate change and our environment. (Huffington Post)

 

Challenges

This issue goes beyond the ozone layer diminishing and a need to protect our ecosystems. Climate change is the issue of the planet and changes in temperatures worldwide. A lot of people and governments have a desire to move to renewable energy but the cost is too high and we lack effective technology. The ozone layer diminishing can easily be prevented from people being educated on the issue and not using Methyl Bromide chemicals and disposing of appliances effectively. We need to start using Ozone Friendly products. Look for labels such as “CFC Free” and don’t use them. (Eco Friendly) Climate change has occurred because of the increasing population of human beings on the planet, 7.2 billion. Most of these people use the resources that ruin our ozone layer. In the most dangerous form, carbon dioxide and other noxious chemicals are released causing a tear in the ozone hole. This issue is present mostly in these spaces, but affects all realms. (Eco friendly)

The ozone layer has a very important job, it acts as a sponge. The ozone layer absorbs bits of radiation and hits Earth from the sun. Even though we need some of the sun’s radiation to live, too much of it can damage living things. The ozone layer acts as a shield for life on Earth it protects things such as humans, polar bears and coral reefs. (Eco Friendly) Our ozone is good at trapping a type of radiation called “ultraviolet radiation,” or “UV light,” which can penetrate organisms’ protective layers, like skin, damaging DNA molecules in plants and animals. Radiation and sun has been known to cause sickness and even death worldwide and without an ozone layer to protect us it’s only going to get worse. (Eco friendly) There are two major types of “UV light: UVB and UVA.” UVB is the cause of skin conditions like sunburns, and cancers like basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. These are very painful and fatal diseases. With the ozone layer diminishing, it is harmful to our environment, people and animals. (Eco Friendly)

 

Allen, Jeannie. (February 2004) “Ozone Layer and Climate change.” (Independent media)

            http://theozonehole.com/climate.htm

 

 

Policy History:

Depletion of stratospheric ozone emerged as a political concern in the early 1970s in the United States. The debate was over the development of a commercial fleet of supersonic transports. In the mid 1970s it became a major political issue about the use of CFCs (a toxic chemical) in aerosol spray cans. In 1978, the United States banned the nonessential use of CFCs as aerosol propellants. Efforts at negotiating an international agreement controlling CFC use began in the 1980s and culminated in the Value of the 1987 Montreal Protocol. (Scarpelli) This evidence traces the evolution of policy responses to stratospheric ozone depletion. The evolution of stratospheric ozone depletion policy can best be understood as a two-stage process. The first stage involves the emergence of stratospheric ozone depletion as a domestic issue in the United States and several other countries in the 1970s. (Ozone Layer) While the second stage focuses on its transformation to an international issue in the 1980s. In addition to the emergence of stratospheric ozone depletion as an international political issue, three other factors are important in understanding the sources of the Montreal Protocol: (1) the evolving scientific understanding of the problem, (2) increasing public concern over the problem based on the threat of skin cancer and the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole, and (3) the availability of acceptable substitutes for CFCs. (Ozone Layer)

Representatives from 24 nations, meeting in Montreal in September 1987, signed the “Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer,”1 an international agreement designed to reduce the worldwide production and use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). This protocol is the result of years of negotiation fostered by the United Nations Environment Programmed (UNEP) among the major CFC producing countries. (Ozone Layer)

Policy Analysis:

 

Cost Benefit:

To assess the economic challenges and feasibility, the state would have to begin with a cost-benefit analysis. For example, it would compare the toxic chemicals of everyone buying natural remedies to use on their everyday lives and homes in relation these can be more expensive costs. The Montreal protocol could help the substances that are depleting the ozone layer and save our environment. This can also reduce the world chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs. Cost-benefit analysis could also be used to create policies to which people help the environment. Alternately this policy is logical and makes a persuasive argument which is best for our world, it’s spending a little extra money on nontoxic chemicals. (ozone layer)

 

Ending subsidies and Tax measure:

In 1989, the Basel Convention and the “1973 CITIES” are on protocol. The “GATT Article VI” deals with sub studies that are tolerated if they do not harm the exported interest. This means Tariffs are being put on trade or the movement of hazardous wastes and their disposal. In the Bill of rights the 3rd is the protection of person and property and this treaty is designed to reduce the movement of hazardous waste between nations which refer to person and property. (Scarpelli) My political Culture is to stand up for the environment. (Ozone layer) Some point out the “Montreal fraud” which is environmental sub studies from developing in other countries and this is a violation of GHATT. (Scarpelli) This means we are creating a treaty that is designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the protection of numerous subsidies that are responsible for the ozone depleting. GHATT aims to eliminate subsidies as undesirable barriers to international trade. Not only does this deal with trade but non-and tariff barriers. Inspectoral property rights include trade of goods. (Eco friendly)

 

Energy cooperatives:

This special issue on Ozone Layer Protection and Climate Change reflects the leadership of the Association of Environmental Studies and Sciences (AESS) in drawing interdisciplinary attention to addressing important environmental issues. The authors are scientists, diplomats, regulatory authorities, environmental activists, and scholars who are intimately involved in actions that protect the stratospheric ozone layer and climate. This layer is the second major atmospheric layer above the troposphere. No weather occurs here but is 15% mass of the total atmosphere where the ozone layer is located. (Huffington Post) This special issue provides new information and insightful analytic summaries of critical issues in the protection of the atmospheric environment at a time when many scholars and citizens do not appreciate how far civil society has come and where it still needs to go to ensure our planetary future. (Energy Independent)

 

Government driven initiatives:

Since 1993, the United Nations Development Programmed (UNDP) has played a crucial role in the phase- out of ozone depleting substances by the Government of India and has been instrumental in implementing US $40 million in multilateral fund projects. (Huffington post) The government drove this initiative and has played a crucial role. (Ozone Layer) Because of support, India completely phased out production and consumption of Chlorofluorocarbons, carbon tetrachloride and halons, man-made chemicals responsible for the depletion of the Ozone Layer. These are all toxic chemicals that are affecting the ozone layer which in return affect our environment. This remarkable milestone was achieved two years ahead of schedule. With this achievement, India has contributed significantly to this global environmental cause, by reducing 25,000 ozone depleting particles tones and a further potential of 23,000 ozone depleting particles.  (Ozone Layer)

 

 

“Eco Friendly” (2017) 5 ways to prevent ozone layer depletion.

Conclusion:

State level solutions are imperfect and have disadvantages. So, is helping the environment something everyone can do? Is it a societal movement and worth it? Well, the “best” I Believe answer is “Yes!” the ozone layer is diminishing and it’s because of the harsh chemicals we use. (Scarpelli) These affect various outcomes in the feature. Here are the many solutions to this problem. Avoid using pesticides, pesticides get rid of weeds but are very harmful to our ozone layer. Instead use natural remedies or grow your own garden by hand. Individualism, I think Fresh greens and planting a tree are always a great resort for a clean green earth. (Scarpelli) They say the best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago and now. Another solution is to develop regulations towards rocket launches. (Energy Independent) Rocket launches are happening all over the world to advance in science, but it is completely diminishing our ozone layer. Rocket Launches are harmful due to CFCs (toxic chemicals mentioned previously.) Another solution is use eco-friendly household cleaners. Cleaning agents have toxic chemicals that completely diminish our ozone layer. This is an easy solution because super markets and stores sell cleaning products that are toxic free and made from natural ingredients that won’t burn a hole through our ozone layer. You can find these natural remedies anywhere and local! A final solution is to limit vehicle driving! Emissions and smog completely diminish our ozone layer and on top of it horrible for your health. This can be prevented by carpooling, taking public transportation, walking, using a bike, and other usage of individual transportation. Another solution to this one problem could be getting a hybrid car or zero an emission engine. These are all great resourceful resources in taking the next step towards protecting our ozone layer. I think everyone needs to use “all of the above” solutions to make this problem “Energy Independent.” We all can help our environment easily and effectively, to save the ozone layer by making little changes. Changing toxic chemicals to natural remedies are a better and safer alternative. My research has shown this will benefit us all and the world we live on. By mixing various solutions, our ozone layer can exist and become strong. (Energy Independent) By using natural remedies, we minimize the danger of losing the ozone layer. States can implement more laws against diminishing of the ozone layer and use of toxic chemicals and with collaboration in civic society, local, private sectors we can create more laws on using harsh chemicals. The state can use various strategies with regulations and market based approaches for what is specifically best for our ozone layer. (Energy Independent)

 

 

 

 

Works Cited:

Aguilar, Yann. The Huffington Post. (Documentary)

Donald Trump and Climate Change: Why the Unite States Should Respect the Paris Agreement     http://www.huffingtonpost.com/yann-aguila/donald-trump-and-climate-_b_13287736.html

 

Allen, Jeannie. (February 2004) “Ozone Layer and Climate change.” (Independent media)

            http://theozonehole.com/climate.htm

Eco Friendly Guided (2017) “5 ways to prevent ozone depletion” (Article)

            http://www.greendiary.com/5-green-products-students.html

Morrissett, P. M. 1989. The evolution of policy responses to stratospheric ozone depletion. Natural Resources Journal 29: 793-820. (Newspaper)

            http://www.ciesin.org/docs/003-006/003-006.html

Paletz, Diana Marie. Owen and Timothy E. Cook. 21st Century American Government and Politics. 2013: web. 3. Feb. 2017.

Ringer, Janice. (2013) “Energy Independent in the USA” (Article)

            http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1002&context=sppp

Scarpelli, Craig. California in the American System. 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Education, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2017.

 

 

 

 

 

Addendum:

 

I do not think environment will be a main concern under the Trump presidency. I understand he is dealing with a lot being president and I wish he would make it a top priority’s. I think we should educate our people including Trump on climate change because it is a very real and serous thing. I would love to see people using less harsh and toxic chemicals on everyday use but I just don’t see that being a main concern or happening under the Trump presidency. I would love implementation a policy because there are so many great policy’s out there regarding the protection of our ozone layer but I would love to also see more policies on tax and tariff regarding dumping of waste. I predict that not much will change on policy’s and tax on toxic chemicals to prevent our ozone layer from shrinking soon. I do predict in the far feature more people will be educated on this issue and something will eventually be done. All my sources from Tax benefit, Cost measure and government operations show my prediction is accurate because some people do step up and see the issue and want to do something about it and have laws set up. While on the other had in my first paragraph, opening sentence I talk about Trump not realizing the issues and the extent. All and all we do have some great things policies in place and I predict more will come as we pollute the environment, eco systems more and more. I old want to see Trump tax on toxic cleaning supplies. The nontoxic ones are more expensive but if we tax the toxic ones they would be the same price and if we educate people they will be more willing to buy the nontoxic cleaning supplies.

Excerpts from my research narrative

Save our planet!!

When I first came into class, I knew rising sea levels were a very real thing. I didn’t know much, but I knew I cared about ocean life and the rising levels. I started learning about the ocean, temperature and rising sea levels back in elementary school. I just recently since I’ve been in college really gotten into learning more.

On an article about global warming, I learned that within the past one hundred years the global temperature has risen about six degrees’ Celsius. The rate is said to be fast and is expected to increase (Nature.com.) One Hundred and forty-three studies have been conducted regarding a change in temperature. Not only does this affect our ocean levels but our species, animals and communities as well. I do not do well with change so to see such a big leap in the temperature increase is a little scary to me. I wonder what will happen if the temperature continues to increase and our ocean levels rise. I’m specifically interested in what will happen to the environment and climate around us.

So, I decided to do some research, If I truly wanted to grasp this concept and purpose a solution I would need some more information or background on it. On the Scientific American website, I learned that Carbon Dioxide is a fossil fuel, which is a greenhouse gas. The reason why this element is important regarding global warming is because it is a huge reason why globe warming is occurring. It basically acts as a force field trapping radiation from the suns heat in our atmosphere causing our earth to heat up. When is expanding, it is because it is beading heated up. A crazy fact I also learned was this element “Carbon Dioxide” has been increasing for centuries causing the arctic ice to melt or sink. Science tests and experts say that fossil fuels are a big reason for Globe Warming.

Global warming must do with ice melting from fossil fuels but on the Scientific America website, said “America has been the biggest producer of Carbon Dioxide from all our factory’s and gases inn all of history (https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/02/)” This makes me wonder what countries like Japan rank on the spectrum. I know Coal pollution leads to hundreds of deaths per year and this too is a reason for global warming. (Scientific America)

Scientific America produces all the carbon dioxide that is heating up our planet So, now that I had a little more background on Carbon Dioxide, I wanted to dig a little deeper on what it will do to the climate over time. On my global climate change website, I learned that the “sea level has risen nearly 7 inches over the past one hundred years and by 2009 the water level could range anywhere from seven to twenty-seven inches!” (Global Climate change) This means flooding will occur on ocean side property, some might be submerged by water and worse of all in my opinion ecosystems on the coast could be harmed. Places like “mangrove forest and coral reefs and endanger.” (Owl Perdue)

Our coral reefs are endangering and Ice has been lost from West Antarctica and Greenland! Ice and glaciers from the arctic are melting and gushing into the sea from the excess water through ice streams. (Climate Change) I agree that we have excess water though ice steams, what happens is the fossil fuels that are burning up and humans that are naturally releasing huge amounts of gases which trap heat into the atmosphere, causing these ice caps to melt. (Sea level Rise) “All this extra heat cause the oceans to maintain 80 percent heat difference.” (Climate Change) What this means is 80 percent of the sun’s heat is absorbed by the ocean and changes the ocean temperature. I agree with this because this creates the earth’s surface to eat up and ocean levels rise. Scientist believe that if these “gaze levels don’t decrease or cool down; the sea will continue to rise and horrible coastal disasters will begin to happen.” (Ted talk) Naturally, erosion occurs but we could risk losing all types of plants, birds and even fish. I agree because sea life is being affected as well “Water will flood and agriculture soil contamination regarding an aquifer will occur.” (Rising Sea Level)

After learning about floods in agriculture soil I also agree with the magazine shift and how it talks about the “Ten most affected countries of climate change.” Developing worlds appear to be the most “at-risk” country’s. Levels have not only been increasing in Africa but Asia as well. These places have a lack of food, shelter and clothing. Rain falls on top of the humanity and ice caps meeting, so they get hit three times as hard. Even though the united states are said by experts to be the cause of global warming because of all our fossil fuels and carbon dioxide we are actually low risk of ocean levels increasing. (Ten most affected) Norther Europe is also at low risk associated to global warming, but sadly residents that live in these more developed countries’ may still have to relocate homes in the feature. (Magazine shift) All the “197 anions are still expected to endure droughts, cyclones and landslides at the sea level increase.” (Magazine Shift) So, starting our list for the top ten is Bangladesh. Most of Bangladesh is on “twelve meters above sea level and the climate is a tropical monsoon country.” (Climate Change) They have cyclones, floods, tornados and is currently suffering from extreme rain fall. These natural disasters cause the citizens to have a lack of food, shelter and health. The ground is also breaking underneath the citizens from all the natural distress. Water and earth quakes tend to make matters worse. (magazine shift.)

So, In the article on the “Top ten countries affected by climate change” I also learned number two is most affected is in Africa, Guinea Bissau which is located on the west coast of Africa from the ground-breaking underneath. This climate is also tropical, swampy but the inland is more of a desert. The rainy season is said to be hot rain, windy, unpredictable and irregular. The coast is constantly dealing with rising tides, thermal ocean expansion and flooding. This too causes loss of food, security, stocks, reefs, soil and agriculture fields. This does affect 2/3rds of the population and the country is already dependent on foreign aid to make matter worse. (Top Ten)

So, as you can see a huge part of our population is affected and global warming is very serious. Many people have been affected by it and hurt. So, the question remains what can we do to prevent global warming? First, we need to stop using so much fossil fuel, this was mentioned previously in the Scientific America website. This can be anywhere from using less energy to use more solar and wind power. Just how Scientific America website talks about, we could change our lightbulbs to more energy effacements ones, use less gasoline by carpooling or biking. So, what should we do about this? Well, Planting trees is also huge! (Top Ten) “This stops or slightly slows global warming because trees create oxygen while taking in all the bad carbon dioxide.” Reducing waste is also a great way to stop global warming! Also, trees are beautiful, smell good and benefit your health! How do we reduce waste? Waste requires energy to manufacture it and putting it in and fills just produces more greenhouse gases. So, recycle, not only are you saving the environment but making money doing it! Recycling is so easy and you even get money if you recycle! Another question is how can we educate people on global warming? We can hold seminars, hand out flyers and talk about it with friend. What can we do to make an impact? Something so simple as too separating your metals, plastic, class and paper waste could reduce greenhouse gases! Everyone can do this and it really does make an impact. How do we get people to do this? We need to be the example and take the first step in helping the environment. Cities even started consuming a significant amount of water, this also reduces energy so conserve water! (Top Ten) To reflect on this, I think if you are going to consume so much water you need to reduce the energy to make up for it. All and all we need to conserve water and energy together. I even tried putting a bucket in my shower once, taking a shower and collecting all the excess water. One I was done I went outside to my lawn in the middle of summer) and dumped it all over my grass. I know that made a little difference but every little thing counts!

After helping the environment personally, my conclusion is global warming is happening to us and our world. A solution to these problems could be solar panels! Just putting black panels on your house to conserve energy and help water usage through the sun is a great way to help the environment in an effective way. To reflect on Top Ten about conserving water and energy, it’s very important and helps our environment in a huge way. Some people are causing it and some are suffering from it but we all need to work together to prevent it. To reflect on the Scientific America Website, Carbon dioxide is getting into our environment but if we retract factory use and fossil fuels it could make all the difference. Solar panels could help all these issues. So, recycle, conserve water, energy, waste, get solar panels and our sea leaves will be 1 inch less risen hopefully! Let get rid of these greenhouse gases, fossil fuels and put these glaciers back in the arctic! We need to take care of our environment and this serious issue.

 

 

 

Work Cited

Doctor Amy Lee “Top ways to stop global warming.” SFGATE Newspaper

http://homeguides.sfgate.com/top-ways-stop-global-warming-78809.html

Horgan, John. Oct. 21st, 2015. “Climate Change: Facts Versus Opinions.” (Scholarly Article)

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/cross-check/climate-change-facts-versus-opinions/

McGregor, Karli. November 17, 2015. “10 Countries most affected by climate change.” (Creditable so urge)

https://shift-magazine.net/2015/11/17/10-countries-most-affected-by-climate-change/

“Owl Purdue”

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/02/

Paletz, Diana Marie. Owen and Timothy E. Cook. 21st Century American Government and         Politics. 2013:    web. 3. Feb. 2017.

“Rising Sea Level.” 8/30/2016. Global Climate Change. (Creditable So urge)

https://www3.epa.gov/climatechange/kids/impacts/signs/sea-level.html

Root, Terry L. 11/24/2002. “Finger prints of global warming on wild animals and Plants.” (Scholarly Article)

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v421/n6918/abs/nature01333.html

 “Ted Talk.”

https://www.ted.com/talks/garth_lenz_images_of_beauty_and_devastation

 

Weekly Focus #8 Excerpt

Learning Objective 13.3 The presidency in the information age

  1. What are the basic purposes of the white house communication operation?

       After reading this section I learned that the white house communication operation has four main basic purposes. The first once is Advocating, this means to promote the president’s policies and goals. (Paletz) The second is to Explain, the white house communication operation expects details, questions to be answered and correct information to be provided. (Paletz) Defending is the third main basic purpose. This means to unanticipated events, cleaning up after mistakes, respond to critic and to challenge unfair news story’s. (Paletz) And finally, Coordinating is the fourth basic purpose of white house communication operation. This means to bring together white house units, government agencies, allies in congress and outside supporters to promote and publicize presidential elections. (Paletz)

 

  1. How do presidents interact with the media?

“Presidents decide wither when, where, at what length and under what conditions they will talk to reporters.” (Paletz) I think it is good that presidents get to choose when they want to hold press conferences or white house press operations. I feel like if they had to defend a topic on stage in front of reporters without being prepared they wouldn’t be able to explain the issue as well. I think talking to the media and press involves being a good advocate and coordinating well.

 

  1. How does the white house press corps interact with the president?

            Usually presidents will make appearances alone in front of cameras and answer questions reporters have. (Paletz) These conferences can be up to an hour long and respond to important issues or mounting critic. (Paletz) I think the four basic purposes (Advocating, Explaining, defending and coordinating) play a major role in the press conferences.

 

  1. What challenges did president Obama face from the media, and how did he deal with them?

“President Obama was recognized at the presence of the new media by taking a question from a writer at the Huffington post. Reporters’ questions are getting harder and harder about diversity. Presidents are starting to shy away from press conferences” (Paletz) Presidents can run out the clock, blather on in evasive or convoluted language and refuse to take or answer questions on a subject. (Paletz) A main challenge president Obama faced was reaching his audience on all different diverse levels. I feel like the reason Obama faced these problems was because he didn’t advocate, explain, defend or coordinate. Eventually Obama did learn the four-main white house communication operations and that Is how he delta with problems from the media (Paletz) On an article by the New York times governor Larry Hogan of Maryland Sid “you can agree to disagree.” I think this is so important to know because we are all different and we are not always all going to think the same. This relates to global warming because some people agree with it and some people don’t. Our country is very diverse and you must be careful with what you say in order not to offend anyone. Some people think global warming is very real while on the other hand some people totally disagree with it. I think this can cause problems in social classes and diversity. I think through Obamas presidency he “Agreed to disagree.” And that relates to this weeks chapter. (New York Times)

 

What are the consequences of the media coverage for the presidency?

Reporters are very challenging and sometimes the questions they ask can be risky to answer and be politically correct. (Scarpelli) I think if you don’t explain things exactly, the media can take it and twist it around. Being president it is your job to advocate for the country and defend it, if your trying to do that and then some reporter goes and twists your words it makes it that much harder to do their job. In the Scarpelli article I learned that the president must choose his words wisely and be careful with what he says because not everyone can agree to disagree.

 

 

Exercises:

  1. What are the functions of the white house communication operation? What are the main ways the white house communicates with the media and public?

The main functions are Advocating, explaining, defending and coordinating. (Paletz) The main ways the white house communicates with the media and public is through press conferences. Reporters that work for television go and ask the president questions and the president has a choice to answer them or not. (Paletz) They are very stressful and the president must be careful with what he says.

  1. What are some ways the white house can “stage” the news? Why are reporters sometimes reluctant to take the way the white house presents the news at face value?

“It’s hard for presidents to resist the temptation to appear in the news constantly, the publicity and policy directions push them.” (Paletz) They stage the news by taking complex issues and making them seem simpler and straightforward. (Scarpelli) What this is saying is the president encounters several problems with media, technology and even appearing in media venues. Reporters are reluctant because It’s difficult for the president to balance policy interests and expectations of dramatic action for quick results at face value. Not everyone will agree with an action and you don’t want to upset the people and you want to keep the peace.

  1. How does the way President Obama interact with the media differ from the way other presidents have interacted with the media? What new challenges does president Obama face in dealing with the media?

“The approach was to take advantage of new technologies through Office of new media.” (Paletz) The media is more obsessed with conflict than ever, the medias audience is dispersed, fragmented and sometimes mutually exclusive segments. (Paletz) People are divided and I think these are the main challenges president Obama had to face. “The president’s inauguration was the first to be put on YouTube, the white house website contains the president’s activities and agenda. Text and twitter are also used.” (Paletz) What this is saying is this is how Obama brought people that were so different together. He went out of his way to take all his actions to social media and let the world see. Obama reached out to the old, young, boys, girls and all other types of people to let his voice be heard through media. He got to interact with people on a whole new level and this helped him deal with the media in an orderly fashion I feel like he overcame his challenge and made it work out for the best.

 

In conclusion, the four basic purposes of white house communication are advocate, explain, defend and coordinate. These four are all crucial in holding press conferences and dealing with the media. The media can be good and bad, you can connect with so many different and diverse people but at the same time reporters can twist your words. As I mentioned Obama did have some challenges but I really feel like he “Agreed to disagree.” (New York Times)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Work Cited:

 

Frank Bruin. November. 28, 2015. “One Governors Extraordinary Year.”

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/29/opinion/sunday/one-governors-extraordinary-year.html

 

 

Scarpelli, Craig. California in the American System. 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Education, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2017.

Paletz, Diana Marie. Owen and Timothy E. Cook. 21st Century American Government and Politics. 2013: web. 3. Feb. 2017.W

Weekly Focus #7 Excerpt

After studying all these resources and my own primary research I have come to understand how important it is to be educated on global warming, the effects of it, how serious it is, and what to do about it. On Tuesday March 21st , my group and I conducted a questionnaire to ask students around campus about global warming. We had a sign/advertisement to draw people in to come and speak with us, video cameras to record spoken communication, and a questionnaire for students to fill in. The first question was the most answered because people knew about resources to identify renewable energy. Some common answers were sunlight, wind, rain, tides and waves.

When we asked students on campus if they knew anyone who powers their home with renewable energy most students said “no.” When asked if they used renewable energy to power transportation most students also said “no.” After talking to the students more and educating them about greenhouse gases, fossil fuels and renewable energy we asked, “would you be willing to power your home or transportation with renewable energy?” Most of the student’s attitudes changed and said “yes.” The students would be willing to use renewable energy on their houses and transportation if it meant helping the environment. Scarpelli states “opinions are related to but not the same as attitudes. They are general orientations towards people, groups or institutions.”

My group and I stood outside the library and educated students about the effects of global warming and what exactly it is. We talked about generating electricity, heating up water and solar electricity. We explained to the students that you can use photovoltaic (PV) cells to convert sunlight into renewable electrify. Dark panels sit on your roof and absorb solar energy as heat. (Renewable energy) The students at Chico state we talked to outside of the library really liked the idea of helping our environment with such an easy and convent way like solar and panels. When we gave them more information about Dark Panels most of them were even thinking about trying it out on their own homes. My group and I were surprised to see how many people were open to using Dark Panels to help the environment.

Although, renewable energy is more expensive then fossil fuels, they were still willing to pay a little bit more for renewable energy if it meant helping our environment. I was proud to see my fellow collogues at Chico State have a change in perspective with a little education on the environment and global warming. I would love to do this experiment again and educate more students on the dangers of fossil fuels and what we can do to change it.

The documentary my group choose to watch was “Bill Nye’s Global Melt Down Climate Change National Geographic Explorer.” In the video, Bill Nye talks to Walter Bryan “Mike” Hill, Florida State representative about Climate Change. Bill says, “I’m not concerned with climate change.” He represents Pensacola, a second district in Florida, known as the most endangered levels of water rising. (Bill Nye) Mike Hills response scares me, considering he should be an attentive public. Paletz states these are the people who pay close attention to government and politics in general. If the representative of Florida (The most at endangered area of sea level rising) isn’t educated about the earth heating and the sea levels rising then we could lose out on billions of dollars.

I think Mike Hills should read the scholarly article called “Global Warming” on earth Observatory.nasa.com. under the section “What is global warming?” I choose this as a scholarly article because I think it is a great way to educate people about exactly what global warming is. The article basically says the “earth is rapidly increasing its temperature because of greenhouse gases and fossil fuels.” The article also says the heat has nearly doubled in the last 50 years! (Global warming) I think this is a huge red flag regarding our environment! Just like what Bill Nye said in the documentary “Global warming is very real.” Bill said this to make a point, I understand that the earths denature fixates over the years but to see an increase over double is outrageous! I think the representative of Pensacola Florida (from the Bill Nye video) should read this article as well. I bet if the students we talked to in front of the library knew the extent of the situation they would take a stand and start talking to their fellow collogues about using solar and dark panels. The people we talked to seem to be very concerned about the issue and eager to do something about it.

Real estate is all along the coast (Bill Nye) and I don’t want to see billions of people losing their homes and businesses when the sea level does rise. I don’t want to be thinking, we could have done something to prevent this, but we didn’t because we didn’t educate people. I agree with Bill when he goes on to explain how the “Rate of carbon dioxide is being introduced into the atmosphere at a faster rate, more than ever before.” What Bill is saying is that our environment is at a huge risk. He wants people to be aware of all the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and do something about it. Earlier when I was talking to students outside of the library they were all so open to the idea of solar Panels, I think if we talked to more students especially in Florida about solar and dark panels they would be open to trying it out too. I think we are lucky to have a scientist like Bill Nye who focused on Issues Publics to help try to explain and educate the representative of Florida on how serious and important global warming is. Paletz states Issues Publics are individuals or members that focus on public policy, debate or defense spending.

“In 2014 Pensacola had a flood problem that coast 150 million dollars to rebuild a new flood production system. That is three times the city’s annual revenue, now think about the price tag if Florida’s whole coast line floods.” (Bill Nye) Bill is saying that we can’t afford a flood in a little town, so there is no way we can afford to lose the whole coast of Florida. I don’t think this is any coincidence. Bill says, “Sea levels are rising and the rate is fast.” Businesses and homes on the coast could be under water soon, billions of dollars of damage could be the result. The students at Chico state plan to start using solar and I think students at Florida state should do the same to help the environment. If we educate more people on the environment we could make a change and help the coast of Florida say above sea level. Public opinion is Pensacola’s flood could be a warning sign for what’s to come in the feature and we must do something about it now. Scarpelli states public opinion is people’s collective preferences on matters related to the government and politics. For us to lose three times a city’s annual revenue from a flood, I can’t imagine losing the whole coast of Florida.

In conclusion, I think we need to study the effects on global warming and educate people on the danger of rising sea levels. People are not educated on solar, dark panels, greenhouse gases and fossil fuels. I agree with Bill Nye that global warming is a very real thing. We could lose billions of dollars if the cost of Florida goes under water, Bill makes that very clear. If we educated the students in Florida the way my group and I educated Chico state students that could possibly help.

 

 

Work cited:

Plain English camping. (2000-2017) “Renewable Energy”

            https://www.uswitch.com/solar-panels/guides/renewable-energy-facts/

Grassroots Booster Club. (October 7, 2016) “Bill Nye’s Global Meltdown Climate Change Documentary National Geographic Explorer.”

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wmrsbY3MCZs&t=955s

 

Scarpelli, Craig. California in the American System. 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Education, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2017.

Paletz, Diana Marie. Owen and Timothy E. Cook. 21st Century American Government and Politics. 2013: web. 3. Feb. 2017.

 Earth Observatory, Global warming. Paul Prayers and Charles Choke.

            https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/GlobalWarming/page2.php